The Last Sermon

9th Dhu al-Hijjah, 10 AH (632 CE)

The father should not transgress against his son and the son should not transgress against his father. Know that every Muslim is a brother to another Muslim and that the Muslims are brothers, therefore no man should have access to his brother’s wealth, unless with his goodwill."

"O people, I have left you the Book of God and the Tradition of his Prophet, you will not go astray if you adopt them, so live by them."

"O people, your Lord is one and your father is one. The Arab is not superior to a non-Arab, nor a non-Arab to an Arab, nor a red-skinned person to a black-skinned person, and nor a black-skinned person to a red-skinned person, except through God-consciousness."

"O people, what day is this?" They replied, ‘A sacred day.’ He asked, "What land is this?" They replied, ‘A sacred land.’ He asked, "What month is this?" They replied, ‘A sacred month.’ He said, "God has made your blood, your possessions and your honour sacred, just as this day in this month and in this land is sacred, this until you meet your Lord." And he repeated this over and over."

"Let those of you who are present inform those who are absent, perhaps the absent would retain more than some of those present. There will be no prophet after me and no nation after you."

Then he raised his head and said, "Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)? Have I not conveyed (the message)?" They said, ‘Yes!’ He then raised his hands and said three times, "O God! Bear witness that I have conveyed (the message)!"

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